Primary French: Early Start 3-Ici et là
Ch.6: Why do they speak French and Arabic


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2 Parts of the body
3. Circus school
4 Mini-beasts
5 Zoo
6 Morocco
7 Going to school
8 Seasons
9 Past & present
10 Out and about
11 Cinderella

Why do they speak Arabic and French?

This painting by French artist Eugene Delacroix depicts the Sultan of Morocco "and his entourage" massed outside the gates of the his imperial city of Mèknes.

The Arabic language - the language of the Qu'ran - spread to Morocco in the 7th century after the death of the Prophet Muhammad

The coast of North Africa was known as "the Barbary Coast" after the original inhabitants of the area, the Berbers.

Several ports in this isolated area - including the town of Rabat - became pirate bases which attacked passing ships, captured their crews and sold them into slavery.

More about Barbary pirates-->

The continuing threat of pirate attacks eventually brought well-armed European troops into the area, particularly the French. By 1907 Morocco had ceased to be an independent kingdom ruled by the Sultan - it was in all but name a French colony.

French troops invade Algiers 1830

French became one of the languages spoken in Morocco, along with Arabic and the Berber languages..

There's information on Wikipedia:

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Morocco Resource Pack

If you'd like more resources about Morocco, to do a cross-curricular project or school link, the Morocco Resource Pack is an excellent supplement to this chapter.

The Pack gives an educational rationale for a cross-curricular approach, as well as ready-made lessons and associated planning documents, and suggestions for school exchanges and linked webpages.

The CD-ROM includes an extensive picture library that illustrates different faces of Morocco, with several multimedia presentations in French.


Find out more - > Morocco Resource Pack

The pack features the region around Khémisset and the capital, Rabat.

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